AcademyThe Evolution of Cloud Security Posture Management

The Evolution of Cloud Security Posture Management

As organizations move further and further into the cloud operating model, the attack surface available to malicious actors has increased.

Wiz Experts Team

Storage of customer data in shared and Internet-connected facilities, as well as the scale and flexibility of application services, call for the reimagining of risk management. The associated risks have been compounded by a need to embrace hybrid working models, facilitating remote access to systems and services that are themselves remote from the organizations operating them. The result? A sprawling and complex technology landscape, often with a variety of security, regulatory and compliance requirements. 

Organizations looking to secure their cloud applications and assets at their root are looking towardCloud Security Posture Management (CSPM) to lock down and defend cloud platforms, mitigating risk and providing visibility. To make good use of CSPM it is important to understand what it is, where it came from, and what the future holds for this exciting technology. 

What is CSPM? 

Cloud Security Posture Management, orCSPM, is a set of tools and practices designed to help organizations maintain a secure cloud environment by continuously monitoring and assessing cloud security posture. CSPM solutions are designed to automate visibility into the organization's cloud assets, identify potential security risks and compliance violations, and provide recommendations for remediation. CSPM tools also offer threat detection and automated remediation of misconfiguration across multi-cloud environments and infrastructure. By implementing CSPM, organizations can ensure their cloud infrastructure is secure, compliant, and resilient in the face of ever-increasing cyber threats. 

A brief history of CSPM 

CSPM is a relatively new technology that grew as organizations started adopting cloud computing services. The earliest CSPM solutions started to appear around a decade ago when cloud service providers (CSPs) began offering integrated security and compliance management tools for their cloud platforms. These early capabilities were focused on automating security and compliance checks for the cloud infrastructure, making it easier for organizations to ensure their deployments are consistent, as well as meeting regulatory requirements. 

As the popularity of cloud computing grew, and with it the scale and complexity of cloud deployments, the need for more comprehensive CSPM solutions increased. In 2015, the Cloud Security Alliance's (CSA) created the Cloud Controls Matrix (CCM) - a framework of security controls for cloud service providers. This framework provided the foundation for solutions more easily recognized as CSPM, and helped guide organizations to achieve a better understanding of the security measures necessary to secure cloud infrastructure. 

More recently, CSPM solutions have grown increasingly sophisticated and now list a number of advanced features such as real-time monitoring, automated remediation, and machine learning-based analytics. CSPM has become an essential component of cloud security, with organizations increasingly relying on CSPM solutions to ensure the security and compliance of their cloud infrastructure.    

What are modern CSPM tools? 

Modern CSPM tools are designed to provide organizations with comprehensive visibility and control over their cloud environments. These tools typically include the following capabilities: 

  • Asset Discovery and Inventory: This capability enables organizations to discover all their cloud assets and maintain an inventory of all cloud resources in use. 

  • Configuration Management: CSPM tools allow organizations to maintain secure configurations for their cloud resources, including identifying misconfigurations and providing remediation recommendations, as well as automating remediation via runbooks. 

  • Compliance Management: CSPM tools can assess cloud resources against industry and regulatory compliance requirements, identifying potential compliance violations and providing remediation recommendations and automation. 

  • Threat Detection and Response: CSPM tools can identify potential threats and risks to cloud resources in real-time, enabling organizations to respond quickly and effectively to mitigate the impact. The visibility offered by modern CSPM tools enables the prioritization of resources for maximum efficiency. 

  • User and Access Management: CSPM tools provide visibility into who has access to cloud resources and what actions they are performing, allowing organizations to enforce least privilege access and detect any unauthorized activity. 

What does the future look like for CSPM? 

 All signs point to a bright future for modern CSPM solutions, as organizations continue to adopt cloud computing services at an ever-greater scale. Future developments for CSPM are likely to include: 

  1. Increased Automation: CSPM tools are likely to build on existing functions by increasing the scope of automation, with machine learning and artificial intelligence playing a more significant role in identifying security risks and providing remediation recommendations, as well as the runbooks that would enable those remediations to be automated. 

  2. Integration with DevOps: As organizations adopt DevOps practices, CSPM solutions are likely to integrate more closely with DevOps tools and processes to provide security and compliance checks throughout the software development lifecycle, helping to speed the path towardDevSecOps. 

  3. Emphasis on Zero Trust: The zero-trust security model, which defaults to a position of assuming no trust in any user or device, is proving an increasingly popular security model. CSPM tools will increasingly incorporate zero-trust principles to provide continuous monitoring and enforcement of least privilege access. 

  4. Increasing coverage of Solutions: As the number of cloud services and service providers increases, the demand on modern CSPM solutions will grow. This will lead to a greater breadth of coverage, and CSPM solutions that offer holistic security posture rather than a number of point solutions to provide comprehensive cloud security. 

  5. Focus on Multi-Cloud and Hybrid Cloud Environments: With more organizations adopting multi-cloud and hybrid cloud environments, CSPM solutions will increasingly focus on providing comprehensive security and compliance management, regardless of cloud platform. 

CSPM will become an even more critical aspect of cloud security, as organizations increasingly rely on cloud services for their critical business operations. Wiz offers the future of modern CSPM today, using a graph-based context for effective targeting of network and identity misconfiguration. Wiz’s agentless CSPM solution automatically assesses over 1400 rules across runtimes and infrastructure as code and allows custom rule configuration to maximize detection and remediation of misconfiguration. 

To take control of security across cloud platforms, contact us for a demo.